9. October 2021 Vonolga put spanish vocabulary 0 comments
There are almost 400 fully recognized Spanish abbreviations and thousands more accepted. You can even create your own if you follow the rules.
Read this article to learn all about abbreviations in Spanish. Access several lists of abbreviations in Spanish, useful even for beginners.
Why use abbreviations?
Abbreviations are shortened forms of words that help us communicate more quickly.
People started using abbreviations a long time ago, including the Spanish abbreviations forwrite smsit is a relatively new phenomenon. The Romans began to use so many abbreviations as early as the 6th century that they gave rise to many misunderstandings. The vast empire depended on effective communications. To save stability, Emperor Justinian had to impose some rules and regulations.
People always try to communicate more sparingly, but the struggle for intelligibility is real, and you have to follow the rules.
the royal spanish academy(The Royal Spanish Academy), which is in charge of regulating the Spanish languageclear rulesabout possible formation, spelling, punctuation, and usage.
Types of abbreviations in Spanish
The Spanish language distinguishes four types of officially recognized abbreviations:
- abbreviations -RD. paramedic
- Symbol -METROforSubterraneo(Metro)
- Initialismmen (acronym) -TO TAKE– national identity document (identity card)
- Acronyms –HE–United Nations(United Nations/UN)
Let me show each of them in detail:
Proper abbreviations are sets of letters that together represent a word. You use the initial part of the original word -edit. - editorial(Editor) – or a mix of opening and ending parts –Avda.–Allee(Allee).
They always end with a period or a forward slash ("/"), with a few exceptions.
For example:C/–to connect(Of the);Dr.–Doctor.
Other common examples:
- OC (before Christ)– v. (BC)
- United States (United States)– USA (United States of America)
- adult (adverb)- ADV (adverb)
The symbols are abbreviations for words of scientific or technical origin. They have the same shape internationally. They are written in lower case.
- m (U-Bahn)- Metro
- t (tag)- Bookmarks
- kg (kilogram)- kilogram
Acronyms are also shortened forms of words and are made up of initials. They can be pronounced as syllables or as whole words. You must write them in capital letters. Grammatically they are nouns, although they can be composed of different types of words.
- ADENA (Association for the Protection of Nature)– Association for the Protection of Nature
- RAE (Royal Spanish Academy)- Royal Spanish Academy
- RENFE (Red Ferroviaria Española)– National Railway Network of Spain
Acronyms are invokedacronymin Spanish. They are Spanish abbreviations for words that also consist of the first letter of the words they represent.
They also function as nouns and generally follow the grammar rules that apply to nouns. They do not end in a period.
people tend to useacronymas acronyms, thoughthe ARdoes not accept this. Unlike acronyms, you should not pronounce themacronymlike whole words instead of letter by letter, but don't be surprised if people break this rule.
You must also write them in capital letters.
- DNI (national identification document)- I WAS GOING
- NGO (non-governmental organization)– NGO (non-governmental organization)
- AVE (Spanish High Speed)– Spanish high speed (trains)
The Definitive List of Common Abbreviations in Spanish
Let's take a look at the most common abbreviations you need to understand and use.
Spanish abbreviations for international organizations
Here is a list of Spanish abbreviations for international organizations. In general, the letters used in the abbreviations in English and Spanish are the same, only the order changes. Some of them look exactly like their English translations. In Spanish they are loanwords.
|HEUnited Nations||United Nations|
|UNESCOUnited Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization||UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization|
|UNICEFUnited Nations Children's Foundation||UNICEF United Nations Children's Fund|
|I'LL TAKENorth Atlantic Treaty Organization||NATO Organization Nordatlantikpakt|
|OMSWorld Health Organization||OMSWeltgesundheitsorganization|
|IMFIMF||IMFInternational Monetary Fund|
|contra Chreuropean central bank||ECB European Central Bank|
|the UEFAUnion of European Football Associations||UEFA Union of European Football Associations|
|la fifaAssociation of International Football Association||FIFA International Association of Football Federation|
Spanish abbreviations for academic and professional titles
These are useful and common abbreviations. I divided them into two categories: Titles and Professions.
Spanish abbreviations for titles
Use the following Spanish abbreviations when writing an email or applying for a job. Remember, while you do not capitalize titles in Spanish, do so when they appear as abbreviations. Most titles have both masculine and feminine forms, but not all.
|DANA, EASYDona||lady woman|
Abbreviations of professions in Spanish
|ask yourselfpresident||president man|
Spanish also has many abbreviations to talk about the weather. You rarely see the full names of months or days of the week on a printed calendar.
month abbreviations in spanish
In addition toJanuary(January), march(March), I could(May) andAugust(August), the other months have their initials.
Spanish abbreviations for the days of the week.
The Spanish abbreviations for the days of the week are easy to learn and you have two options to choose from: one-letter abbreviations and two-letter abbreviations. They are intuitive most days, but watch out for Wednesdays.
One letter abbreviations:
|UEto assemble||to assemble|
Two letter abbreviations:
|Luto assemble||to assemble|
Other time abbreviations
Here are other useful Spanish abbreviations to use when writing about the weather:
Abbreviations in Spanish for locations on maps
You also need shortcuts to read a map or read and write someone's address.
Spanish abbreviations for cardinal points
|SOOn west||On west|
Address abbreviations in Spanish
Here are some abbreviations you might find on an envelope, package, or on Google Maps:
|av., avd., avda., (av.ª)avenida||alley|
|c., c/, cl.to connect||Of the|
|road, wagonOf the||Of the|
|gta., g.in front oftop||round, round|
|PAG.for, pc., pl., quadrantplaza||square|
Spanish abbreviations for units of measure
Most measurement abbreviations are international symbols. Therefore, the abbreviations for cooking measures are the ones you already know in your language!
Longitude abbreviations in Spanish
Fair abbreviations in Spanish
Capacity abbreviations in Spanish
Spanish abbreviations for territory
|cm2square centimeter||square centimeter|
|METRO2square meter||square meter|
|kilometres2square kilometer||square kilometer|
Volume abbreviations in Spanish
|cm3Cubic centimeter||Cubic centimeter|
|METRO3cubic meter||cubic meter|
|kilometres3cubic kilometers||cubic kilometers|
practice speaking spanish
Of course, reading long lists of abbreviations won't get you very far. It is also important to practice your speaking skills. Remember that as you work to become bilingual you will also improve yourcognition and decision making! sign up for afree trial classat Homeschool Spanish Academy to improve their Spanish skills in the four key areas: speaking, listening, writing and reading. Improve your understanding by practicing abbreviations with a friendly certified Guatemalan Spanish teacher.
Are you ready to learn more Spanish grammar and vocabulary? Look these!
- 50 easy questions in Spanish to ask in conversation (and how to answer them)
- Pets in Spanish: Complete Vocabulary Lesson for Beginners
- Subjunctive to have: how to use it correctly
- Ser conjugation: free Spanish lesson, quiz, exercises and PDF
- Imperfect Past in Spanish: 25 Online Exercises to Practice Your Skills
- 10 original and cute Mexican names for pets
- The 15 best New Year's resolutions in Spanish
- More than 100 essential Spanish words and phrases for travelers
- recent posts
freelance writerNoSpanish school at home
I am a Spanish philologist, teacher and freelance writer with a Master's in Humanities in Madrid. I am fluent in Polish, Spanish and English and would like to improve my Portuguese and German. A lover of literature and spicy Mexican cuisine, I have lived in Poland, Spain and Mexico and I currently live and teach in Madeira, Portugal.
Olga Put's latest posts(see everything)
- How to teach sight words in Spanish to children- January 13, 2023
- 21 Non-School Activities You Haven't Tried- January 12, 2023
- More than 100 essential Spanish words and phrases for travelers- January 10, 2023
spanish vocabulary vocabulary